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Resources for League Programs and Studies

Fayetteville Shale Play/Hydraulic Fracturing Resources

Originally prepared by LWVWC in connection with the 2008 LWVAR Study on the Fayetteville Shale Play and updated for a 2013 LWVWC program on Shale Gas Economics.

Primary Natural Gas Companies Operating in Arkansas

Natural Gas Regulatory Authorities and their Roles

  • Lawrence Bengal, Director.
    AOGC provides regulatory control over most aspects of development of the Fayetteville Shale Play. It is involved with seismic exploration, integration of leases/defining production units, drilling activities and construction standards, gathering lines (well to compressor), disposal of water, well completion and production reports, and well closure (dry hole or end-of-life). A Google map of every Arkansas gas and oil well's location, production, ownership, and status is at Waste infection wells are also mapped.

  • Teresa Marks, Director.
    ADEQ regulates the construction, use, and closure of reserve pits. Reserve pits are on the drilling site and are used for temporary storage of cutting material removed from the well bore during drilling operations.
    ADEQ is the permitting authority for the land application of drilling fluids. Although the oil and gas industry is exempt from permitting requirements associated with stormwater runoff for sites smaller than five acres, they are still required to prevent sediment runoff and remain subject to state laws regarding degradation of water quality. This is also a requirement in the general permit for reserve pits.

  • Randy Young, Director.
    The ANRC is responsible for wellhead and groundwater protection. It is the permitting agency for construction of dams 25 feet or more in height. Arkansas Law mandates that all water development projects receive certification of compliance with the Arkansas Water Plan from the Arkansas Natural Resources Commission.
    Arkansas Law requires all diverters of surface water (streams, lakes, ponds, etc.) to register their diversion of surface water by quantity, location, type of use and name of user on an annual basis with ARNC. Exceptions to this rule are withdrawals of less than one acre-foot a year, diffused surface water or those natural lakes or ponds in exclusive ownership of one person.

  • Enforcer of environmental laws.

  • (U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development). This document describes the motivation for this study "to help evaluate potential risks associated with hydraulic fracturing in the Agency’s efforts to protect America’s resources and communities." This document also defines hydraulic fracturing and describes the connection between water and hydraulic fracturing.

Arkansas Organizations Concerned about Gas Development

Basics - Drilling 101

Landowner Issues and Community Assistance

  • Arkansas Public Policy Panel
  • Hispanic Women's Organization of Arkansas
  • Mental Health America in Northwest Arkansas
  • American Association of University Women
  • Women's History Coalition of Washington County